Delivery of

Surgical Care



I believe every patient -- regardless of age, gender, race or geography -- has the right to high-quality, safe surgical care. 

I use my training in surgery, architecture and health services research to fundamentally redesign how we deliver healthcare. Although the scope of my work primarily focuses on traditional healthcare infrastructure investments (hospitals, clinics, emergency rooms), my experience has taught me that everything we build and design -- schools, stadiums, airports, skyscrapers—have enormous potential to improve population health and wellness. As such, I deliberately collaborate across a breadth of academic and private sectors. 

Think your work has the potential to improve population health through a fundamental redesign? Would love to hear about it:


Academic Press

safe surgical care for rural communities

Ibrahim AM, Hughes T, Thumma J, Dimick JB. “Association of Hospital Critical Access Status with Surgical Outcomes and Expenditures Among Medicare Beneficiaries.”  JAMA.  2016;315(19):2095-2103. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5618.


Missed warning signs within existing healthcare data

Ibrahim AM,  Dimick JB. Monitoring Medical Devices: Missed Warnings Signs within Existing Data. JAMA. 2017;318(4):327-328. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6584


Building a Better Operating Room

Ibrahim, AM, Dimick JB, Joseph A, “Building a Better Operating Room: views from Surgery and Architecture.” Ann of Surg 2016. May 9 [Epub ahead of print] 

Public Press

Redesigning Network Delivery

Ibrahim AM. Dimick JD. “Redesigning the Delivery of Speciality Care within Newly Formed Hospital Networks” N Engl J Med Catalyst. April 2017, Available online:


TRaining across sectors

Ibrahim AM. Fleisher L. “Rethinking the Challenges of Healthcare: A Call for Tri-Sector Leaders” N Engl J Med Catalyst. June 2016, Available online: 


If you had to have surgery, where would you go?

Ibrahim AM. “Doctors Usually Think Bigger Hospitals Offer Better Surgery. Turns Out, We’re Wrong.” VOX. August 2016, Available online:



Ibrahim AM. Dimick JD. “Writing for Impact: How to Prepare a Journal Article” (2017). Download Full PDF Here

Remainder of publications




Visual Abstract

Open Source Primer

As the Creative Director at Annals of Surgery, I have been working on better means to disseminate research. One approach is to visually summarize key points from the article in a "visual abstract." Some examples can be seen below as well as on Twitter by following the hashtag #VisualAbstract . To date, more than 75 journals and institutions have adopted the visual abstract in their dissemination strategy including the CDC, BMJ, JAMA and NEJM.

You can download a free PDF primer here on how to create a visual abstract. 


EXAMPLES OF VISUAL ABSTRACTS (Click on image to advance slides)

Visual Abstract Video Demonstration


Visual Abstract Publications

Ibrahim AM, Lillemoe KD, Klingensmith ME, Dimick JB. “Visual Abstracts to Disseminate Research on Social Media: a prospective, case-control crossover study” Ann Surg. 2017 Apr 26. Link to Article

Ibrahim AM, Bradley SM. “The Adoption of Visual Abstracts at Circulation CQO: why and how we’re doing it” Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2017 Mar;10(3). Link to Article

Ibrahim AM. "Seeing is Believing: Using Visual Abstracts to Disseminate Scientific Research." Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Sep 19. Link to Article

Nikolian, V, Ibrahim AM. “Visual Abstracts and the Future of Scientific Journals” Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery.”  Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery. 2017 Sep;30(4):252-25. Link to Chapter

Aungst, T. Visual Abstracts are Changing How we Share Studies. Doximity. July 2017. Op-Ed. Link to Article


Network Delivery of Surgery

Below is an abbreviated slide deck from a recent presentation on Network Strategies to Improve Surgical Care Delivery. The talk is motivated by the underlying evidence that some hospitals perform better than others for different procedures, and that those differences can be leveraged within a network of multiple hospitals to improve overall quality.

(Click on images to advance to next slide.)

Can Architects Build for Health?

This abbreviated slide deck pulls from two recent national talk for the American Institute of Architects on how architects can "build for health." It outlines the shift in healthcare payment policies from "volume to value." It then uses those policy changes as a platform to identify opportunitues to influence health from the scale of a single operating room up to an entire community.  

(Click on images to advance to next slide.)




Andrew M. Ibrahim MD, MSc is a House Staff Surgeon at the University of Michigan and Chief Medical Officer at HOK Architects. He completed his undergraduate and medical degrees education both with Honors at Case Western Reserve University with a year of coursework at University College London and The Bartlett School of Architecture. In addition to his health services research degree from the University of Michigan as a Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar, he completed additional policy training as a Crile Fellow at Princeton University and as a Doris Duke Fellow at John Hopkins Hospital.

Dr. Ibrahim currently serves on the Design & Health Leadership Group at the American Institute Architects. In this national appointment, he leads efforts to merge health and architecture expertise to improve population health through a fundamental redesign of how we understand the interface of health and design. His research evaluating population level strategies to improve health care delivery has resulted in numerous peer-­review publications, book chapters, international presentations and appointment to the editorial board at the Annals of Surgery. He also serves as a technical advisor to The Leapfrog Group.


HOK is a global design, architecture, engineering and planning firm with over 1,700 people working in 23 cities across three continents. Current and recent projects include the LaGuardia Airport (New York, USA), Barclay World Headquarters (London, UK), Mercedes-Benz Stadium (Atlanta, USA) and Ng Teng Fong General Hospital (Jurong, Singapore).